Lectica's recruitment products

—Four products that refine recruitment prediction

Check out our recruitment accreditation course—LAP-2.

Human capitalRecruitmentLeader developmentRole complexityTeam Fit SnapshotLectica for the c-suiteLectica Inside

Assessments of mental skill are the best single predictor of performance. But most of these assessments are multiple choice tests of general intelligence or aptitude with items like the one shown below, which are clearly not directly measuring the skills most needed in the workplace—such as the ability to work closely with others or find solutions to thorny real-world workplace problems.

Lectical Assessments are sophisticated scenario-based developmental assessments that ask candidates to demonstrate how they would apply their knowledge and skills in complex real-world contexts in which there are multiple stakeholders and problems have no single correct answer.

They measure four important indicators of mental ability:

Complexity level (a.k.a. Lectical Level)—Complexity level is a score on a life-span developmental scale called the Lectical Scale. It is determined with one of two well-validated systems for determining developmental complexity.

Fit-to-roleFit-to-role is the relation between the complexity level of an individual’s reasoning and the complexity level of a given role. Good fit-to-role increases well-being, engagement, effectiveness, and productivity.

ClarityClarity involves the degree to which an individual’s arguments are coherent and persuasive, how well their arguments are framed, and how well their ideas are connected. Individuals who make clear arguments also make better decisions and grow more rapidly than individuals who think less clearly.

VUCA skillsVUCA skills are required for making good decisions in volatile, uncertain, complex, or ambiguous contexts. They are…

  • perspective coordination—determining which perspectives matter, seeking out a diversity of relevant perspectives, and bringing them together in a way that allows for the emergence of effective solutions.
  • decision-making under complexity—employing a range of decision-making tools and skills to design effective decision-making processes for complex situations.
  • contextual thinking—being predisposed to think contextually, being able to identify the contexts that are most likely to matter in a given situation and determine how these contexts relate to a particular situation.
  • collaboration—understanding the value of collaboration, being equipped with the tools and skills required for collaboration, and being able to determine the level of collaboration that’s appropriate for a particular decision-making context.

See the LAP-2 preview to learn more about our approach to recruitment.

Lectica First and the Lectica Suite

Lectica First affordably delivers customized and objective front-line to mid-level assessments that measure workplace reasoning—in real time. It reduces recruitment costs while measuring what matters most, first.

Most organizations conduct some kind of pre-screening, such as resume scans, phone interviews, or screening questionnaires. These processes are time-consuming, expensive, and have low predictive power. Lectica First replaces these processes with the best predictor of recruitment success, to ensure that every candidate who moves to the next step in your recruitment process has the mental skills required for the specific role you're trying to fill.

For employers who aren't ready for a pre-screening solution, we've created Lectica First Plus. With Lectica First Plus, you can gently tweak your current recruitment process to increase its efficiency and predictive power.

With both Lectica First products, you will find out if the workplace reasoning skills of prospective employees are adequate to fulfill the complexity demands of a given role.

The Lectica Suite is composed of three products that help organizations refine senior-level recruitment & promotion decisions—the Complexity Assessment, the Role Fit Assessment, and the Team Fit Assessment



Unlimited front-line to mid-level recruitment assessments—on demand

Lectica First is the pronounceable name of Lectica's Field-Indexed Reasoning Skills Tests and the service that delivers them. Lectica First provides customized and objective front-line to mid-level recruitment screening assessments that measure the best predictor of workplace performance—workplace reasoning. Each Lectica First assessment is customized to fit an organization's field of work, the level of the role to be filled, and the primary tasks of the role.

Using Lectica First is easy. A subscription/recruitment manager (or service) provides information about a role and its candidates, and we deliver a customized Lectical Assessment that requires candidates to show how they react to, understand, and go about resolving common workplace issues. Scoring is instantaneous, so easily interpreted results are available in real time.

Click here to be notified of the next free Lectica First webinar, use the form at the bottom of this page to receive estimates for Lectica First subscription and a Role Complexity Analysis, or simply contact us for more information..


Customized to fit an organization's field of work, the level of the role to be filled, and the primary tasks of that role.

Scored with CLAS (the revolutionary Computerized Lectical Assessment System).

Lectical Scores delivered in real time.

Unlimited recruitment access.

A simple dashboard showing how well candidates' thinking skills are likely to stand up to the requirements of the target role.


Prior to the activation of a new subscription, we must conduct a General Role Complexity Analysis.

LecticaFirst is appropriate for frontline to mid-level candidates in non-academic fields.

Subscription managers will be asked to provide the detailed role information required for a Precise Role Complexity Analysis 

Candidates should have good or very good English skills.



Human review of individual scores

Human review of scores for candidates selected for final consideration (includes a Clarity Assessment)

Full assessment report and learning suggestions (recommended for hires)

Assessment debrief (recommended for hires)

The Lectica First dashboard

The figure below shows how easy it is to identify the candidates who are most likely to be a good fit—from the perspective of their workplace reasoning skills—for a particular role. In the figure, eight candidates are represented by circles of different colors. The size of the circle represents the range in which a candidate's "true score" is likely to fall. The darker numbers in the score scale on the right represent the desirable score range for the role. Individuals represented with teal circles are "in the zone." Individuals represented by yellow circles have borderline scores, and individuals represented with red circles are out of range.

You'll notice that people can be underqualified or overqualified for a role. We do not recommend hiring individuals who are overqualified unless you plan to put them on a fast track to a higher position or have another more senior role that may be a better fit. Putting people in a job where they're likely to be more sophisticated thinkers than their boss or colleagues, or in which they will not be appropriately challenged by role requirements, is a recipe for frustration and dysfunction.

A note on cheating

Lectica First assessments are taken online in secure sessions. If you conduct the assessments under observation, it is virtually impossible for test-takers to cheat. Cheating is difficult for a number of reasons:

  • assessment questions call for written judgments and explanations;
  • test takers cannot learn in advance which test form they will be presented with; and
  • attempts to cheat most often result in irregularities that cause CLAS to deliver a particular kind of "low confidence" score.

If you have concerns about cheating, we recommend that you consider retesting final candidates under observation.

Get a Lectica First estimate...

Click here to be notified of the next free Lectica First webinar, or use the form below to receive estimates for a LecticaFirst subscription and a LecticaFirst Role Complexity Analysis:

Precise Role Complexity Survey (sample)

Products for senior employees, leaders, & executives


Examines the complexity level and quality of a candidate's real-world decision-making skills. Includes:

Role Fit

Examines the alignment between the capabilities of a candidate and the complexity demands of a specific leadership role. Includes:


Team Fit

Examines the relative skills of a candidate and his or her potential supervisor, peers, and/or subordinates, ideally within the context of the complexity demands of a particular role. (Compare to the Team Fit Snapshot and Lectica for the C-suite). Includes:

  • Everything included in the role fit assessment
  • Complexity assessments for all existing team members and their line manager
  • An assessment of the fit between a candidate's capabilities, the complexity demands of the role, and the capabilities of peers, supervisor, and/or subordinates
  • Individual report summaries with growth, role fit, and team fit analyses
  • Team fit report (candidate comparison)
  • Get a Team Fit Team fit estimate
Product Complexity Assessment Role Fit Assessment Team Fit Assessment
Complexity level of real-world decision-making X X X
Clarity analysis (argumentation) X X X
VUCA skills analysis X X X
Automatic score review X X X
Rush turnaround available X X X
Detailed individual report X X X
Individual report summary X X X
Role Complexity Analysis   X X
Role Fit report   X X
Team Fit report     X

The power of Lecitca's recruitment tools lies in our ability to determine fit-to-role with a role complexity analysis. The Complexity Assesment does not include an assessment of fit-to-role, because it is offered exclusively for use in organizations whose role structure is informed by the principles of Requisite Organization. These organizations already have a system in place for determining role complexity.

Complexity Assessment reports include easy-to-interpret information about candidate's Lectical Scores, and a comparison of candidates' Clarity and VUCA scores.


Our Role Fit Assessment is designed to meet the recruitment needs of most organizations. Like the Complexity Assessment, it includes assessments of Lectical Level, Clarity, and VUCA skills, but unlike the Complexity Assessment, it includes an assessment of fit-to-role.

The teal band in the figure below represents the complexity range of a particular role, and the colors of the circles that represent individual scores tell us how well the scores of each candidate fit this complexity range. Role fit reports provide interpretations of fit-to-role and make recommendations about which candidates should move forward in your recruitment process.

Once we have established which candidates will move forward, we can compare these candidates' profiles with respect to fit-to-role, clarity, and VUCA scores. The Role Fit Assessment report includes an analysis of these results that includes recommendations for action, as illustrated below.

For a detailed example, see the article, Fit-to-role, Clarity, and VUCA skills.

Most hiring processes today include at least some assessment of the alignment between a candidate's beliefs, values, and attitudes and those of the organization. Lectica's Team Fit Assessment looks at another important dimension—developmental compatibilityhow the complexity level of a candidate's skills dovetail with the complexity levels of teammate' skills.

A bad fit can be toxic. The subordinate whose skills are more developed than those of her boss is likely to become frustrated or disengaged. The teammates of a superstar who consistently out-thinks everyone else in the team are likely to become demoralized or hostile. When developmental compatibility is not taken into account situations like this are common, teams suffer and talent is wasted.

The Team Fit Assessment helps organizations build high functioning teams and optimize their leadership hierarchy. The following slide from our Team Fit report shows how a group of current team members fit their role.

The next slide shows how recruits are distributed relative to the complexity range of the role they are competing for and the scores for current team members.

Recruitment tools for any role

We can build a package that works for any role you need to fill. Feel free to contact us for information or a conversation.

Validity & reliability 

At Lectica, we believe in total transparency regarding the validity and reliability of all assessments employed in the workplace. We can say with confidence that Lectical Assessments are the most sophisticated assessments of mental skill in the marketplace today. Each one is based on exhaustive and ongoing research into the development of targeted skills, using a well-vetted set of research methods and our breakthrough technologies. We have conducted numerous studies of validity and reliability, several of which are published in psychometric journals. We invite you to explore our research pages or contact us to learn more.

Selected funders

IES (US Department of Education)

The Spencer Foundation


Dr. Sharon Solloway

The Simpson Foundation

The Leopold Foundation

Donor list

Selected clients

Glastonbury School District, CT

The Ross School

Rainbow Community School

The Study School

Long Trail School

The US Naval Academy

The City of Edmonton, Alberta

The US Federal Government

Advisory Board

Kurt Fischer, Ph.D. Harvard Graduate School of Education, Emeritus

Antonio Battro, MD, Ph.D., One Laptop Per Child

Marc Schwartz, Ph.D. and former high school teacher, University of Texas at Arlington

Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, Ed.D., University of Southern California

Willis Overton, Ph.D., Temple University, Emeritus