We're disrupting recruitment.

Lectica FirstLectica Suite

Take a look at the recruitment process below. Although it has several familiar elements, it's likely to be fundamentally different from the process you're using today.

About Lectica First

Lectica First rationalizes the recruitment process while developing the workforce.

It serves recruitment is as a pre-screening toolkit for front-line to senior-level roles by measuring the strongest predictors of workplace performance.

It serves the workforce by providing every job applicant with information, resources, and activities that will help them build critical workplace skills more efficiently and effectively. 

Why mental skills?

There is no doubt about it, research repeatedly shows that the best predictor of recruitment success is mental ability. This is true even though the tests traditionally used to measure mental ability are archaic multiple-choice tests with items that have little to do with the knowledge and skills required in the workplace. The second best predictor, after mental ability is taken into account, is integrity. Together, mental ability and integrity have been shown to predict up to 60% of the variance in workplace performance

predictive power

Lectica First  metrics

As shown in the table below, Lectica First assessments measure more than conventional multiple-choice aptitude tests. They measure...

  • real-world mental capabilities—Lectical Score,
  • General and Precise Role Complexity,
  • the fit between Lectical Scores and the complexity of the target role—Role Fit Score,
  • the logical coherence of assessment responses—Logical Coherence Score, and coming soon,
  • integrity—Integrity Score.

Lectical Assessments vs. aptitude tests

Dimension Lectica First Aptitude
Accuracy Statistical reliabilities in the (. 95-. 97) range make Lectical Scores accurate enough for high-stakes decision-­making. (Interpreting reliability statistics) Varies greatly. The best aptitude tests have levels of reliability in the .95 range. Many recruitment tests have much lower levels.
Time investment Lectical Assessments are not timed. They usually take from 45-90 minutes, depending on the individual test-taker. Varies greatly. For acceptable accuracy, tests must have many items and may take hours to administer. 
Objectivity Scores are objective. (Scoring is blind to differences in sex, body weight, ethnicity, etc., and the Lectical Score is awarded by an electronic scoring system with human review.) Scores on multiple-choice tests are objective. Scores on interview-based tests are subject to several sources of bias.
Expense Highly affordable. Expensive. 
Role fit: complexity Lectica employs sophisticated developmental tools and technologies to efficiently determine the relation between the complexity of role requirements and the level of mental skill required to meet those requirements.  Lectica's approach is not directly comparable to other available approaches.
Role fit: relevance Lectical Assessments are readily customized to fit particular jobs, and are direct measures of what's most important-whether or not candidates' actual workplace reasoning skills are a good fit for a particular job.  Aptitude tests measure people's ability to select correct answers to abstract problems. It is hoped that these answers will predict how good a candidate's workplace reasoning skills are likely to be.
Predictive validity In research so far: Predict advancement (uncorrected R = .53**, R2 = .28), National Leadership Study.  The aptitude (IQ) tests used in published research predict performance 
(uncorrected R = .45 to .54, R2 = .20 to .29)
Cheating The written response format makes cheating virtually impossible when assessments are taken under observation, and very difficult when taken without observation. Cheating is relatively easy and rates can be quite high.
Formative value High. Lectica First assessments can be upgraded with reports, then used to support onboarding and inform employee development plans. All individuals who take a Lectical Assessment as part of a job application receive a report designed to support the development of their mental skills. None. Aptitude is a fixed attribute, so there is no room for growth.
Continuous improvement Our assessments are developed with a 21st century learning technology that allows us to continuously improve the predictive validity of Lectica First assessments.  Conventional aptitude tests are built with a 20th century technology that does not easily lend itself to continuous improvement.



Lectica First…

  • can be readily customized to fit an organization's sector and the level of the role to be filled,
  • allows you to choose the number of candidates you'd like us to deliver,
  • can turn around results in as little as 48 hours, and
  • provides easily interpreted results in a simple spreadsheet.

All individuals who apply for a role and produce scorable responses receive a free report packed with learning suggestions and resources. We believe that all applicants deserve an opportunity to develop the skills required to perform optimally in the workplace.

Using Lectica First is easy…

  1. We conduct a one-time General Role Complexity Analysis for your organization.
  2. You provide information about the role being filled.
  3. We determine the Precise Role Complexity range for that role.
  4. We set up an assignment.
  5. You tell us how many candidates you want us to deliver (minimum of 5). Billing is based exclusively on the number of qualified candidates delivered and the complexity level of the target role, regardless of the number of applicants.
  6. You publicize the vacancy, providing potential applicants with a special URL that will allow them to take their assessment.
  7. You provide custom images and text for the applicant information page.
  8. Applicants use the special URL to go to the information page, register on the site, and take their assessments.
  9. Applicants have complete control over their assessments.
  10. Once the application period ends, we review the performances of the most promising candidates and determine the Logical Coherence of their responses.
  11. We deliver the results of qualified candidates, up to the number of candidates purchased. Qualified candidates will generally have Role Fit scores of 90 or above and Logical Coherence Score scores of 90 or above.
  12. Lectica First results include a Lectical Score, a Role Fit Score, a Logical Coherence Score, and when available, one or more Integrity Scores.
  13. You undertake the next steps in your recruitment process.


  • Lectica First is appropriate for frontline to senior-level roles.
  • Prior to beginning work, we must conduct a one-time General Role Complexity Analysis.
  • For each role, we also need to conduct a Precise Role Complexity Analysis. Once an analysis has been completed for that role, there is no need to conduct that analysis again unless the role changes appreciably.
  • Sweet-spot analysis. Each time a role is filled, Lectica conducts an analysis to determine where in the Precise Role Complexity Range is the ideal complexity level for a particular recruitment event. To determine this value, we examine several variables, such as company size, room for advancement, current team configuration, and onboarding requirements.
  • ESL candidates should have very good English skills. 


The use of any assessment in selection involves high stakes—for individuals and institutions. It is essential to ensure that the use of assessments in selection processes is valid and ethical. The Lectica First, Lectica Suite, and Lectica for Admissions processes are designed to ensure valid and fair use. In addition to a Lectical Assessment, they always involve: (1) a General Complexity Analysis, (2) a Precise Complexity Analysis, and (3) a Sweet-spot calculation. It is not accepetable to use Lectical Assessments in selection processes without these components, and only Lectica is authorized to offer these analyses.


  • Full Lectical Assessment report (recommended for candidates selected for final consideration)
  • Assessment debrief (recommended for hires)

Additional readings

If you would like to know more about our approach to recruitment assessment, here are some articles you may find interesting.

A note on cheating

Lectica First assessments are taken online in secure sessions. Cheating is difficult for a number of reasons:

  • We employ a proctoring system.
  • Humans review the assessments of final candidates.
  • Assessment questions call for written judgments and explanations.
  • Test takers have no way of knowing what kind of performance would be appropriate for a given role.
  • Test takers cannot learn in advance which test form they will be presented with.
  • Attempts to cheat most often result in irregularities that cause CLAS to deliver a particular kind of "low confidence" score.

If you have concerns about cheating in a particular case, we recommend that you consider re-testing the candidate under observation.

Selected funders

IES (US Department of Education)

The Spencer Foundation


Dr. Sharon Solloway

The Simpson Foundation

The Leopold Foundation

Donor list

Selected clients

Glastonbury School District, CT

The Ross School

Rainbow Community School

The Study School

Long Trail School

The US Naval Academy

The City of Edmonton, Alberta

The US Federal Government

Advisory Board

Antonio Battro, MD, Ph.D., One Laptop Per Child

Marc Schwartz, Ph.D. and former high school teacher, University of Texas at Arlington

Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, Ed.D., University of Southern California

Willis Overton, Ph.D., Temple University, Emeritus