Lectical Reflective Judgment Assessment

The LRJA is focused on a broad set of skills that are required for managing CAOS™ (Competing ideas, Accelerating change, information Overload, and Social division). The specific skills targeted in the LRJA fall into four broad categories—working with perspectives, conflict resolution, evaluating evidence, and thinking and deciding.

CAOS skills model

LRJA reports, like all Lectical Assessment reports, include rich feedback and customized learning suggestions—none of which involve memorizing. There are forms of the LRJA for learners of all ages (from age 10).

Grades 5–12

Reflective judgment skills begin developing in infancy during early interactions with our physical and social worlds. They are best developed through reflective practices that are integrated into curricula and everyday life.

The LRJA will soon be available, FREE of charge, to individual teachers and their students.

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College & university

Performance on the LRJA is a good predictor of success in college, and the human-vetted version is suitable for use in admissions decisions.

The electronically scored version of the LRJA is suited for formative classroom use and is often used in program evaluations.

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Unfortunately, in today's classrooms, the majority of students have too few opportunities to exercise reflective judgment skills. That's why we'll be making the LRJA directly available—by subscription—to parents everywhere in the English-speaking world. 


LRJA Report tour

To view an interactive sample LRJA report (for an adult), log in to this site as username: dorothytoto, password: yellowbrickroad.

LRJA skills breakdown

Skill Grades 4-12 tests Adult tests Description
Seeking & evaluating evidence X X the information, facts, testimony, and opinions that relate to a particular issue, and how these are evaluated before being used to form a conclusion
Experimentation X X the process of creating evidence through experimentation and other forms of research
Deliberation X X thinking and deciding as a process, and reasoning about the nature of thinking and deciding
Working with perspectives X X awareness of other perspectives and how they can be leveraged to build knowledge
Persuasion X   use of evidence, argument, and induction (psychology) to persuade others
Conflict resolution X X awareness and use of discussion, negotiation, compromise, and collaboration to address conflict
Complexity X X awareness of complexity as an issue, the nature of complexity, and the skills required to make sound and timely decisions under complexity
Truth & certainty X X awareness of uncertainty, ability to distinguish between subjective & objective knowledge, and skills for coping with this uncertainty

Selected funders

IES (US Department of Education)

The Spencer Foundation


Dr. Sharon Solloway

The Simpson Foundation

The Leopold Foundation

Donor list

Selected clients

Glastonbury School District, CT

The Ross School

Rainbow Community School

The Study School

Long Trail School

The US Naval Academy

The City of Edmonton, Alberta

The US Federal Government

Advisory Board

Antonio Battro, MD, Ph.D., One Laptop Per Child

Marc Schwartz, Ph.D. and former high school teacher, University of Texas at Arlington

Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, Ed.D., University of Southern California

Willis Overton, Ph.D., Temple University, Emeritus